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Diabetes Panel >> HbA1C

Alternate names
Hemoglobin A1C

What is the HbA1C test?
The HbA1C test is a simple lab test that reflects your average blood glucose level over the last 3 months. A small blood sample to check your HbA1C can be taken at any time of the day. Hence, unlike tests that provide only a current snapshot of glucose levels, the A1C test does more.

When is the HbA1C test done?

  • To know how well the treatment plan or diabetes management plan is working over time for the patient.
  • As a routine part of investigation in the diabetes mellitus management panel
  • To diagnose diabetes mellitus
  • To access the severity or progress of diabetes mellitus

By measuring the percentage of hemoglobin in your blood that is coated with sugar, the test tells doctors what your average blood sugar level has been for the past two to three months. High A1C levels can indicate that your blood sugar levels are not well controlled.

Are there any special precautions?
The HbA1C test requires only a finger stick. You do not need to fast. Results take about 5 minutes.

What will the results of HbA1C test tell me?

Normal range: A normal HbA1C level is about 5%, although normal results can fall between 4.5% and 6%.

Higher range: An HbA1C level higher than 6.5% on two separate tests indicates that you have diabetes. An HbA1C reading between 6% and 6.5% percent is considered pre-diabetes, indicating that you have a higher risk of developing diabetes.

Goal range: For people who have already been diagnosed with diabetes, the HbA1C level of 7% or less is a common treatment target or the ”°treatment goal”±. For diabetics, elevated HbA1C levels indicate an increased risk of complications.

How often do you need to have an HbA1C test?
Ask for an A1C test at least twice a year. Get the test more often if your blood glucose stays too high or if your treatment plan changes.

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