Blood Bicarbonate test
Why blood bicarbonate test is important?
It is a laboratory test done to measures the amount
of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood,
called the serum. It should be noted that, most
of the CO2 in our bodies is in the form of a substance
called bicarbonate (HCO3-). Therefore, the CO2 blood
test is really a measure of your blood bicarbonate
level. Variations in your CO2 level may suggest
that you are losing or retaining fluid, which causes
an imbalance in your body's electrolytes.
the blood bicarbonate test is done?
CO2 levels in the blood are influenced by kidney
and lung function. The kidneys are mainly responsible
for maintaining the normal bicarbonate levels. Therefore,
blood bicarbonate test is one of the important measures
to evaluate and monitor proper functioning of both
of your kidneys.
The test is also done as a routine part of basic
metabolic test panel.
will the results of blood bicarbonate test tell
The bicarbonate levels are low in alkaline conditions
(when the blood becomes alkaline) and will rise
in response to acidity.
Normal range: The normal range
is 20-29 mEq/L (milliequivalent per liter).
High range: A high range of blood
bicarbonate is found in the following disorders: