is anion gap test?
Anion gap test is a blood test which measures the difference
between anions and cations in blood
What are anions and cations and why they are important?
Molecules with a charge are called ions. Ions are of two
types; cations are positively charged ions, and anions are
negatively charged ions. A simple example of a cation and
anion is table salt, NaCl or sodium chloride win which sodium
is a cation and chloride is anion. Cations and anions are
important as they keep an optimal acid-base balance (pH)
in our blood and other body fluids.
this test is done?
is metabolic acidosis?
Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which there is too
much acid in the body fluids. It usually occurs when the
body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not
removing enough acid from the body. There are several types
of metabolic acidosis.
is parenteral nutrition?
When, because of some disease, medical emergency, surgery
or due to any other inevitable reason, you are unable to
eat, nutrition must be supplied in a different way. One
method is ˇ°parenteral nutritionˇ±, also known as intravenous
will the results of anion gap test tell me?
Normal range: 6-16 mEq/L (or mM/L) (Without
calculating in potassium)
Higher range: Common causes of an elevated
Anion Gap include: